Team “Juvenile development”
Building on the primary focus of the Institute for Developmental Neurophysiology, the investigation of the origin and significance of oscillatory brain activity in perinatal age, a new branch of the project with a focus on adolescent brain development has emerged. The brain shows increased plasticity not only in the early stages of development, the adolescent phase is also characterized by this. Mature behavioral functions set in during adolescence, especially in cognitive areas. This is accompanied by a renewed reconstruction of structural as well as functional patterns, especially in the prefrontal cortex.
The aim of this research project is to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of this reconstruction, as well as their contribution to the development of functional as well as dysfunctional cognitive abilities. For this purpose, we measure the changes in brain activity in an animal model, both on the oscillatory and neuronal level, simultaneously in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus from childhood to adulthood, and correlate these with morphological changes in different cell populations in the brain. In addition, the developmental stage of cognitive abilities is checked in different age groups with the help of certain behavioral tests and combined with electrophysiological measurements and optogenetic manipulations of neural activity in order to obtain information about a causal relationship.
Specific neuronal populations, which make a critical contribution to the identified mechanisms, are examined in gene expression analyzes using RNA sequencing in both naive and animal models for psychiatric diseases. This comprehensive strategic approach contributes to a better understanding of the sensitivity of the adolescent phase in view of the symptomatic onset of psychiatric illnesses.
jastyn.poepplau [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
In 2012 I finished my education as technical assistant and started to study Molecular Life Science at the University of Hamburg. As student assistant I learned a lot about the projects of the group and got more and more interested in the processes of brain development. During my master thesis I performed a morphological characterization of distinct neuronal and glial cell populations after network manipulation at neonatal age. Since end of 2017 I started my PhD to identify the contribution of early electrical activity for the cognitive performance at adulthood. In my free time I like to go running with friends and to bake creative cakes.
marilena.hnida [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
After I finished studying biology and neuroscience at the University of Bremen, I joined the lab in June 2018 to work on my PhD. My research focuses on the contribution of the lateral entorhinal cortex to the disturbed development of the prefrontal-hippocampal network in a mouse model of mental illness. In order to investigate the interactions between the three brain areas during development, I am combining multi-site electrophysiological recordings in awake juvenile mice with behavioral testing and optogenetic modulation.
timo.schwarze [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
In 2017 I became a medical student at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. During the preclinical lectures, I became fascinated by the brain as a network. I always wanted to get a look into science at the bench and not just in books and that is why I decided to join the Opatz lab when I met Prof. Ileana Hanganu-Opatz in a mentorship program at my University.
My work mainly consists of immunohistochemistry in which I look into the morphological changes the prefrontal cortex undergoes during adolescence. While doing so, my focus lies on pyramidal neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex and their dendritic and synaptic changes. Another part of my work here are microglial cells and the potential effect on adolescent development they might have.
anton.offermanns [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
In 2017 I started studying medicine in Hamburg and during my studies my interest in research and especially neuroscience grew. That´s why I decided to pause my studies and joined the Opatz lab in September 2021 for my doctoral thesis. I am investigating the role of Somatostatin- and Parvalbumin-positive interneurons in the prefrontal cortex in development of working-memory during juvenile age. For that I will combine electrophysiology, optogenetics and behavioural testing.
karolin.buchert [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
2017 I started studying medicine in the University Medicine Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. During my studies my desire to do research in neuroscience grew, for wich reason I decided to pause it and getting further insight in research work. Hence, I joined the Opatz lab in November 2021. By combining electrophysiologial and behavioral assessments I want to investigate enviromental enriched as well as under control conditions.
Team “Neuronal processing”
Neural activity in the developing brain has several unique features. It is characterized by long periods of electrical silence that alternate with sporadic bursts of activity, by neurons firing in a highly correlated manner and at extremely low rates and is only weakly modulated by behavioral state. Equally unique are the dynamics with wich neurons interact and communicate, both on a microscopic and macroscopic level. To understand how the logic of neural interactions evolve throughout ontogeny, we investigate the functional development of the prefrontal and primary sensory cortices, of the hippocampus and of subcortial nuclei. Using a variety of analytical and experimental approaches, we investigate the microcircuitry and the long-range communication between these brain areas and their relevance for the emergence of cognitive abilities.
mattia.chini [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
I studied medicine and surgery at the University of Padova, but never had too much passion for clinics. For this reason, just after my studies, I spent a year in Tononi’s lab investigating sleep function and regulation. Convinced of doing science, in summer 2016 I then joined the Opatz lab for my PhD. My interest is the development of cortical microcircuits in health and disease, with a particular focus on the interneuron side of things. I also have a (nerdy) fascination for the neuro-immune cross talk, and microglial cells in particular, which I give vent to when nobody is looking at me.
henrik.ostby [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
After completing my master’s in neuroscience at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, which aimed to characterize the role of the serotonergic system in chronic stress resilience, I joined the Opatz-lab in the summer of 2020 as a PhD-student. Here in the Opatz-lab I aim to characterize the developmental trajectory of prefrontal – primary sensory connectivity in early life and its functional importance for later life in models of both health and disease. To investigate this, I combine in vivo multi-site electrophysiological recordings, optogenetic tools, neural circuit tracing techniques and behavioral testing.
irina.pochinok [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
I studied Applied Mathematics and Informatics, and then worked in software development industry for nine years. 2018, my interest in neuroscience brought me to the University of Bremen where I started the master’s program. In September 2019 I joined the Opatz lab for doing my lab rotation project.
guoming.man [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
I joined the Opatz lab in Fall 2021 as a PhD student. Previously, I obtained my master’s in neuroscience at the University of Bonn where I looked at hippocampal rate remapping in a mouse model of epilepsy. Here in the Opatz lab, I employ electrophysiological techniques among others to study fronto-striatal network maturation during early postnatal development, both in health and disease, with a further goal to understand Autism. In my spare time, I enjoy fitness, cooking, and being a closet philosopher.
Team “Mental disease”
Abnormal functional connectivity and communication within prefrontal-hippocampal networks has been identified as a fundamental mechanism underlying cognitive deficits in major neuropsychiatric disorders. Clinical observations suggested that this dysfunction emerges early in life, long before the onset of symptoms. Using mice models mimicking the combined genetic and environmental etiology (GE) of psychiatric risk, we recently demonstrated that the initiation of functional communication within prefrontal-hippocampal networks during early development is already disturbed. Our team aims to elucidate the cellular mechanisms accounting for abnormal prefrontal-hippocampal network maturation in neuropsychiatric disorders.
anne.guenther [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
I studied Biology at the University of Cologne and I did my PhD in Arnd Baumann’s lab at the Research Center Jülich on the topic of pacemaker channel contribution to neuronal processing and learning behaviors. From 2016 to 2020, I was a postdoc in Thomas Launey’s lab at the RIKEN institute in Tokyo, working on molecular mechanisms underlying cerebellar LTD. I joined the Opatz lab in 2020 to focus on assessing the involvement of microglia in early prefrontal development, specifically in the context of neuropsychiatric disorders.’
maria.dorofeykova [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
I studied medicine and psychiatry at the St Petersburg State University, and did my PhD on the topic of cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. During my university studies, I participated in preclinical research dealing with cognitive flexibility, impulsivity, and the role of TAAR1 agonists in addiction. From 2018 to 2021, I was a postdoc in Jonathan Fadok’s lab at Tulane University, New Orleans. There I explored the neural circuitry involved in the generation and control of emotions and adaptive behavior, the role of central amygdala in sociability, appetitive and aversive operant responding, and the role of basal forebrain – prefrontal cortex pathway in cognitive deficits. Since the beginning of 2022, I joined the Opatz lab to take part in the investigation of mechanisms by which developing prefrontal circuits account for the maturation of working memory and decision-making.
rebecca.kringel [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
Since 2017 I am studying medicine at the University of Hamburg. During my studies I became more and more interested in neuroscience. Therefore, I decided to join the Opatz lab to work on my doctoral thesis. I look into a mouse model of mental illness, using patch-clamp electrophysiology and immunohistochemistry. In particular, I investigate the functional and structural properties of the lateral entorhinal cortex as well as its connections to the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus.
malte.stelzer [at] zmnh.uni-hamburg.de
I am a 4th year medical student with a particular interest in research. The brain in its complex structure and function fascinates me, especially in the context of the fundamental changes taking place during development. For my project I use histological tracing methods to detect neuronal connections to the prefrontal cortex. My aim is to clarify the underlying steps in the formation as well as malformation of these throughout childhood and adolescence allowing or imparing the establishment of cognitive flexibility.
Team “Cognitive olfaction”
Early sensory processing is mandatory for the functional development of sensory brain areas. However, it is unknown whether early sensory experience shapes the development of cognitive abilities. To address this question, we take advantage of the olfactory system as one of the earliest developed senses. The olfactory system is functional at birth and new born rodents use olfactory information for learning and cue-directed behaviors, critical for their survival. Further, in contrast to input from other sensory modalities, olfactory information reaches cortical areas directly without thalamic relay. Therefore, the olfactory system is tightly coupled to the hippocampal formation and to the frontal cortex, key structures for cognitive abilities, such as memory and decision making. We investigate the maturation of cognitive areas in relation to the olfactory system and the consequences of developmental impairment of olfactory activity for cognitive abilities.